What is pulmonology?

Pulmonology is a medical specialty focusing on identifying and treating respiratory system problems. Pulmonology is a subspecialty of internal medicine that deals with patients on life support or mechanical ventilation.

Although pulmonary medicine has been practiced for hundreds of years, it became a medical specialty in the 1950s when William Welch and William Osler founded the American Thoracic Society to study and prevent tuberculosis. Phthisiology, a subspecialty of pulmonology, was then formed to further tuberculosis research and treatment.

Pulmonology encompasses various clinical tests, including blood and artery studies. Pulmonologists use pulmonary function tests to study blood tests, lung volume, and lung functioning. These tests include biopsies, chest x-rays, CT scans, scintigraphy, polysomnography, and positron emission tomography.

A pulmonologist can also assist in treating complex respiratory disorders such as mesothelioma. Mesothelioma is a rare type of cancer caused by asbestos dust exposure that can begin in the chest cavity, thoracic cavity, or abdomen. Mesothelioma can develop in the testicles in rare cases. Because of its rarity and severity, patients frequently consult a lung specialist (Lung Cancer Treatment in noida) or pulmonologist for help with their lung illness. Other pulmonological diseases include pneumonia, asthma, TB, emphysema, and severe chest infections.

History of pulmonology

One of the principal significant disclosures pertinent to pulmonology was the revelation of pneumonic dissemination. Initially, it was felt that blood arriving at the right half of the heart went through little ‘pores’ in the septum into the passed-on side to be oxygenated, in any case, the disclosure of pneumonic flow negates this hypothesis, which had recently been acknowledged since the second hundred years. Thirteenth-century anatomist and physiologist Ibn Al-Nafis precisely speculated that there was no ‘immediate’ section between the heart’s different sides (ventricles). . This is taken by a lot of people to be the principal logical portrayal of pneumonic circulation.[4]

Albeit pneumonic medication started to advance as a clinical specialty during the 1950s, William Welch and William Osler established the ‘parent’ association of the American Thoracic Society,[5] the Public Relationship for the Review and Counteraction of Tuberculosis.[6] The consideration, treatment, and investigation of lung tuberculosis are perceived as a discipline by its own doing, phthisiology.[7] When the specialty started to develop, a few disclosures were being made connecting the respiratory framework and the estimation of blood vessel blood gases, drawing in an ever-increasing number of doctors and scientists to the creating field.[8]


A pulmonologist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis, management, and treatment of respiratory illnesses.

Because the respiratory system is so intimately tied to cardiology (the branch of medicine concerned with the heart and circulation system), some pulmonologists may also be skilled at addressing cardiac issues directly related to pulmonary disease.

Pulmonologists are frequently critical care experts who treat critically ill patients in intensive care units who require mechanical ventilation to breathe.

Mesothelioma pulmonologists may work independently or as part of a team of elite mesothelioma doctors who specialize in other areas. Pulmonologists frequently work in intensive care units at hospitals. While major lung disease procedures often necessitate the services of a chest surgeon, a pulmonologist can do thoracentesis to remove fluid from the pleural region surrounding the lungs. Pulmonologists frequently conduct research in clinical trials, discovering new or improved methods for diagnosing and treating diseases such as mesothelioma.

When to see a pulmonologist?

Some early symptoms of respiratory diseases may appear insignificant. The American Lung Association (ALA) emphasizes the need to understand the warning symptoms. Early therapy may prevent certain conditions from becoming more serious.The healthcare practitioner may then advise the individual to see a Best Oncologist in Noida

Lung disease warning signals include:

  • A chronic or persistent cough that lasts more than three weeks
  • shortness of breath with little or no exercise generating abundant phlegm or mucus
  • difficult breathing or feeling unable to catch a breath
  • wheezing, coughing up blood, inexplicable
  • chest aches, especially while breathing in or coughing

Anyone who is experiencing any of these symptoms should seek medical attention. The healthcare practitioner may then advise the individual to see a pulmonologist.


A pulmonologist is a medical practitioner specializing in diagnosing and treating respiratory diseases such as emphysema, bronchitis, and tuberculosis.

Pulmonologists use imaging studies and lung function tests to diagnose respiratory disorders.

A pulmonologist may be referred to someone if they have chronic or worsening respiratory symptoms, such as trouble breathing, chest pain, or a cough that lasts more than three weeks.